Part of an effort to make the hospital community a therapeutic one.
1)Staff expectations are clearly communicated to patients. Both positive and negative feedback are used to encourage appropriate verbalizations and actions by patients.
2) Patients are encouraged to become involved in all decisions made, and in all actions taken, concerning them. A self-care, DIY attitude prevails.
3) All patients belong to social groups on the ward. The group cohesiveness that results gives the patients more support and encouragement, and the related process of group pressure helps shape their behavior in positive ways.
-Open wards should be encouraged, wards that permit patients to use all grounds and premises.
-A form of self-government could be implemented.
-The “other 23 hours” effect.